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Deer can cause problems in a number of ways: By using young flexible trees to rub the velvet off of their horns, causing trees to be destroyed in the process; feeding on young shoots and foliage making it very difficult to train and develop a productive tree structure; and their presence in the orchard during summer and fall causes fruit E. coli contamination concerns.

Deer horn rubbing damage (Wolfe, UKY)
Deer horn rubbing damage.

(Photo: Dwight Wolfe, University of Kentucky)



  • Repellent for low populations
  • Hunting
  • High-tensile electric fences for high populations
  • The most effective deterrent is a 10-foot tall woven wire fence


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